Plantilla:Multiple image/doc

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Plantilla:Mbox

This template creates a box containing between two and ten images, arranged either vertically or horizontally and with captions for the entire box or per image.

With the appropriate choice of parameters, the template can automatically resize images to a given total width with each image having the same height.

Be aware that this template does not respect users' default image size preferences. (Wikipedia:Image use policy states: <templatestyles src="Talk quote inline/styles.css" />"Except with very good reason, do not use px"... "which forces a fixed image width. In most cases upright=scaling factor should be used, thereby respecting the user's base preference (which may have been selected for that user's particular devices).")

If image size parameters are omitted, this template sets all images at 200px wide, regardless of whether the reader has set a preference for some other default image width. This causes multiple images to look out of scale to the other images in an article.

Syntax and parameters

Provide height[n] and total_width parameters to obtain automatic resizing. Note the different meanings of the width[n] parameters with vs. without automatic resizing.

No automatic resizing of all images to the same height
<source lang="xml">

<templatestyles src="Multiple_image/styles.css" /> </source>

Automatic resizing of all images to the same height and to a given total width
<source lang="xml">

<templatestyles src="Multiple_image/styles.css" /> </source>

Parameter Description
align right (default), left, center
direction horizontal (default), vertical
background color To set the background color of the box in which the images appear.
header_background
header_align center (default), left, right
header
width Use to set the same width for each image (i.e. overrides any <templatestyles src="Mono/styles.css" />width[n] below). Do not include if different image widths intended, including if images are to be resized to a fixed total width.
total_width Use to scale the images to the same height and this total width. Do not use both <templatestyles src="Mono/styles.css" />total_width and <templatestyles src="Mono/styles.css" />width.
image[n] (where [n] = 1 to 10)  Filename of [n]th image.
width[n] (as above)  Two meanings: (1) The width (in pixels, integer, omit "px") of [n]th image. Overridden by <templatestyles src="Mono/styles.css" />width (if set). (2) The full width of the original [n]th image if <templatestyles src="Mono/styles.css" />total_width is given in order to resize all images to the same height and a given total width.
height[n] (as above)  The full height of the original [n]th image if <templatestyles src="Mono/styles.css" />total_width is given in order to resize all images to the same height and a given total width. Ignored otherwise.
alt[n] (as above)  Alt description for [n]th image.
link[n] (as above)  To specify the page to which the [n]th image is linked (i.e. the page that is loaded when the image is clicked). If set as empty (e.g. <templatestyles src="Mono/styles.css" />...|alt1=... |link1= |caption1=...), linking is disabled (even to the standard Wikipedia image description page); consider WP:ALT.
Note: This parameter must not be used with images that have been given free licenses (such as the GDFL or a free CC license) as these licenses require images to be linked to a declaration of the license under which they are being used.
thumbtime[n] (as above)  When using Ogg Theora files, sets the time within the video that is used for the initial display. This is either a number of seconds or hours:minutes:seconds; see commons:Commons:Video#Setting a video thumbnail image.
caption[n] (as above)  Caption for the [n]th image.
caption_align left (default), center, right
footer_background
footer_align left (default), center, right
footer Caption that spans the entire box, as opposed to individual images. Avoid "left" and "right" if possible, since mobile devices may display the images vertically.

Examples

<templatestyles src="Multiple_image/styles.css" />

Players are cautioned with a yellow card and sent off with a red card.
{{multiple image
 | width = 60
 | image1 = Yellow card.svg
 | alt1 = Yellow cartouche
 | image2 = Red card.svg
 | alt2 = Red cartouche
 | footer = Players are cautioned with a yellow card and sent off with a red card.
}}

<templatestyles src="Multiple_image/styles.css" />

PNG transparency demonstration
A PNG image with an 8-bit transparency layer...
...here overlaying a checkered background.
{{multiple image
 | align = left
 | direction = vertical
 | width = 200
 | header = [[Portable Network Graphics|PNG]] transparency demonstration
 | image1 = PNG transparency demonstration 1.png
 | alt1 = Colored dice with white background
 | caption1 = A PNG image with an 8-bit transparency layer...
 | image2 = PNG transparency demonstration 2.png
 | alt2 = Colored dice with checkered background
 | caption2 = ...here overlaying a checkered background.
}}

<templatestyles src="Multiple_image/styles.css" />

When a user has many of one type of barnstar, they can represent them with ribbons and these numerals to indicate the count.
{{multiple image
 | width = 60
 | image1=Ribbon numeral 2.png | alt1=2
 | image2=Ribbon numeral 3.png | alt2=3
 | image3=Ribbon numeral 4.png | alt3=4
 | footer = When a user has many of one type of [[WP:BARN|barnstar]], they can represent them with [[WP:RIBBON|ribbons]] and these numerals to indicate the count.
}}

With background color

<templatestyles src="Multiple_image/styles.css" />

Adoxa (Adoxa moschatellina)

<source lang="moin" style="overflow:auto;">

<templatestyles src="Multiple_image/styles.css" />

Adoxa (Adoxa moschatellina)

</source>

With links (link[n])

<templatestyles src="Multiple_image/styles.css" />

A mule
(骡子 luózi)
A donkey
(驴子 lǘzi)
A fish
( )
The image of the mule links to Mule; the image of the donkey does not link anywhere; the image of the trout links to a standard image description page.

<source lang="moin" style="overflow:auto;">

<templatestyles src="Multiple_image/styles.css" />

A mule
(骡子 luózi)
A donkey
(驴子 lǘzi)
A fish
( )
The image of the mule links to Mule; the image of the donkey does not link anywhere; the image of the trout links to a standard image description page.

</source>

Using direction

By default, the images the template presents are displayed horizontally, as a row (see left; equivalent to setting <templatestyles src="Mono/styles.css" />|direction=horizontal). To display them vertically, i.e. as a column, set <templatestyles src="Mono/styles.css" />|direction=vertical (see right).

<templatestyles src="Multiple_image/styles.css" />

(horizontal)

<templatestyles src="Multiple_image/styles.css" />

(vertical)

On mobile devices some images may always be displayed vertically if the total width is larger than around 320.

To match image heights

  • Decide on a total width for all the images, say 320px
  • Set the total width using |total_width=

<templatestyles src="Multiple_image/styles.css" />

Rectangular image of a donkey, originally 536 pixels high.
Square image of a trout, originally 300 pixels high.
Both images have been rendered with the same height, and a total width of 320px
{{multiple image
 | align = right
 | total_width = 320

 | image1 = Donkey 1 arp 750px.jpg
 | alt1 = A donkey
 | caption1 = Rectangular image of a donkey, originally 536 pixels high.

 | image2 = Rainbow_trout.png
 | alt2 = A trout
 | caption2 = Square image of a trout, originally 300 pixels high.

 | footer = Both images have been rendered with the same height, and a total width of 320px
}}

The aspect ratio of each image is automatically retrieved from the File metadata. You can override the native width and height values by

  • Examining the individual image pages to obtain the full resolution. For example:
  • Specify the full width and height for each image, of the form:
    • |width1= |height1= |width2= |height2=

Multiple rows

To create an array of images, with multiple rows, use |perrow=. The value passed to |perrow= may be a single number, or a list of numbers delimited by /. This feature may also be combined with |total_width= for multiple rows of images with the same total width.

<templatestyles src="Multiple_image/styles.css" />

Surveying Equipment. Clockwise from upper left: Optical Theodolite, Robotic total station, Optical level, RTK GPS Base station.
{{multiple image|perrow = 2|total_width=300
| image1 = Kern_Theodolit_DKM2-A.jpg
| image2 = Total-Robotic-Station.jpg
| image3 = DumpyLevel.jpg
| image4 = GPS_Survey_Equipment_at_Weir_Dyke_Bridge_-_geograph.org.uk_-_336908.jpg
| footer = Surveying Equipment. Clockwise from upper left: Optical Theodolite, Robotic total station, Optical level, [[Real-time kinematic | RTK]] GPS Base station.
}}

Removing the image border

The border around the images can be removed using |image_style=border:none.

<templatestyles src="Multiple_image/styles.css" />

Image of a donkey
Image of a trout
{{multiple image
 | align = right
 | total_width = 320
 | image_style = border:none;

 | image1 = Donkey 1 arp 750px.jpg
 | alt1 = A donkey
 | caption1 = Image of a donkey

 | image2 = Rainbow_trout.png
 | alt2 = A trout
 | caption2 = Image of a trout
}}

Increasing the gap between images

The gap between the images can be increased using |image_gap=N, where N is the number of pixels (must be non-negative).

<templatestyles src="Multiple_image/styles.css" />

Image of a donkey
Image of a trout
{{multiple image
 | align = right
 | total_width = 320
 | image_gap = 20

 | image1 = Donkey 1 arp 750px.jpg
 | alt1 = A donkey
 | caption1 = Image of a donkey

 | image2 = Rainbow_trout.png
 | alt2 = A trout
 | caption2 = Image of a trout
}}

TemplateData

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools; see the monthly error report for this template.

TemplateData for Multiple image

This template creates a box with two to ten images arranged vertically or horizontally with captions for the entire box and/or for each images.
⧼templatedata-doc-param-name⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-desc⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-type⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status⧽
Alignmentalign
Sets text-wrapping around image box, where "none" places the box on the left edge with no text-wrapping, "center" places the box at center with no text-wrapping and "left" and "right" refer to position of box on screen with text-wrapping.
⧼templatedata-doc-param-default⧽
right
⧼templatedata-doc-param-example⧽
left/right/center/none
⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-string⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-suggested⧽
Directiondirection
Direction in which to tile the images.
⧼templatedata-doc-param-default⧽
horizontal
⧼templatedata-doc-param-example⧽
horizontal/vertical
⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-string⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-suggested⧽
Widthwidth
Width overrides Width 1, Width 2, Width 3, etc. If you want the images to be different sizes, do not provide the width parameter. Integer width in pixels; no "px" suffix
⧼templatedata-doc-param-example⧽
200
⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-string⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-suggested⧽
Background colorbackground color
Defines the background color between the border of the box and the images.
⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-string⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-optional⧽
Caption alignmentcaption_align
⧼templatedata-doc-param-default⧽
left
⧼templatedata-doc-param-example⧽
left/right/center
⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-string⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-optional⧽
Header backgroundheader_background⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-string⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-optional⧽
Header alignmentheader_align
⧼templatedata-doc-param-default⧽
center
⧼templatedata-doc-param-example⧽
left/right/center
⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-string⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-optional⧽
Headerheader⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-string⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-optional⧽
Image 1image1
Image 1 is name of first image. Similarly for Image 2, etc. File name only; no "File:" or "Image:" prefix.
⧼templatedata-doc-param-example⧽
example.jpg
⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-string⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-suggested⧽
Width 1width1
width 1 is width of first image. Similarly for Width 2, etc.
⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-number⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-optional⧽
Alt text 1alt1
The alt text of first image (see WP:ALT). Similarly for Alt text 2, etc.
⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-string⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-optional⧽
Caption 1caption1
Caption 1 is caption of first image. Similarly for Caption 2, etc.
⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-string⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-suggested⧽
Link 1link1
Where the first page links to. Similarly for Link 2, etc. If not specified, image links to the image description page as usual. If specified to the empty value, the image does not link anywhere; this should be used for purely decorative images as per WP:ALT. Important: If the image is under a free license like the GFDL or a CC license, you must not use this parameter as the terms of those licenses require the license, or a link to it, to be reproduced with the image. The image must, therefore, link to its image page. Public domain and (theoretically) fair use images are not subject to this restriction.
⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-wiki-page-name⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-optional⧽
Thumbtime 1thumbtime1
If image1 is an Ogg Theora file, sets the time within the video that is used for the initial display. Either a number of seconds or hours:minutes:seconds. Similarly for Thumb time 2, etc.
⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-string⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-optional⧽
Image 2image2
⧼templatedata-doc-param-example⧽
example.jpg
⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-string⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-suggested⧽
Width 2width2⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-number⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-optional⧽
Alt text 2alt2⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-string⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-optional⧽
Caption 2caption2⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-string⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-suggested⧽
Link 2link2⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-wiki-page-name⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-optional⧽
Thumbtime 2thumbtime2⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-string⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-optional⧽
Image 3image3
⧼templatedata-doc-param-example⧽
example.jpg
⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-string⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-optional⧽
Width 3width3⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-number⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-optional⧽
Alt text 3alt3⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-string⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-optional⧽
Caption 3caption3⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-string⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-optional⧽
Link 3link3⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-wiki-page-name⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-optional⧽
Thumbtime 3thumbtime3⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-string⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-optional⧽
Footer backgroundfooter_background⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-string⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-optional⧽
Footer alignmentfooter_align
⧼templatedata-doc-param-default⧽
left
⧼templatedata-doc-param-example⧽
left/right/center
⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-string⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-optional⧽
Footerfooter⧼templatedata-doc-param-type-string⧽⧼templatedata-doc-param-status-optional⧽

Format: block

Tracking categories

See also